Iowa Specialty Hospital

What Do Ear, Nose and Throat Specialists Do?

August 23, 2017

You’ve probably heard or already visited an ear, nose and throat specialist, but what are all the services they provide and when do you need to see them?

Ear, nose and throat specialists offer a number of services for those with one-time conditions such as swimmer’s ear to chronic conditions like sinus infections and thyroid disorders.

Many conditions, if left untreated, can cause further damage down the road such as hearing loss or cancer in the worst cases.

Dr. Griffith Checking Young Patients EarEars

If you’re experience ear pain, swelling, the feeling of fluid in your ear or having a hard time hearing others, it’s important to see a specialist.

If your child frequently has ear infections (more than one to two per year), it may be a sign that they need tubes, which is very common for young children.


Many people suffer from sinus problems, including congestion, allergies, stuffiness and even breathing issues. If you suffer from chronic sinus issues, such as recurring sinus infections or septum disorders, it’s time to see a specialist. Many times issues are thought to be something like allergies when it could be an underlying infection or issue. Our providers can diagnose the actual issue to get you breathing clearer and back to life as usual.


While loud snoring may only seem like a nuisance, it could be early signs of sleep apnea, which is a serious condition that could cause other health issues like diabetes and stroke. If you consistently snore, you should schedule an appointment with a physician or specialist.

Do you or your children have consistently sore throats or enlarged tonsils? This could be a sign that you may need tonsils or adenoids removed, a common procedure for children. 

Other Conditions

There are a few cancers that are associated with the throat, skin, head and neck that may be identified through your ENT specialist. Signs or symptoms of throat cancer may include voice changes, lumps on the neck and a recurring sore throat. Symptoms of other head and neck cancers include ringing in the ears, mouth sores, swelling in the jaw and frequent headaches. If you’re experiencing this symptoms, schedule an appointment immediately.

Thyroid and Parathyroid

Thyroid and parathyroid glands are found in the neck. The parathyroid gland makes a hormone that helps the body balance calcium and phosphorus. An imbalance in this hormone of too much or too little can cause other health conditions.

The thyroid gland produces a hormone that affects our metabolic processes in the body. Too much or too little can also cause health conditions. Most people are familiar with hypothyroidism, which is when the body doesn’t get enough and you can feel fatigued, have a swollen neck, joint pain, mood wings and unexplained weight changes.


Depending on the severity of the condition, our providers provide a proper diagnosis with a specific treatment plan. Treatments could include medications and medical devices such as hearing aids to hormone replacement therapy and minimally invasive surgical procedures.

At Iowa Specialty Hospital, we’ve partnered with The Iowa ENT Center to give patients access to the best, most experienced ENT providers. Learn more about our ENT services here.

If you’re having chronic or acute ear, nose or throat pain or any of the above symptoms, schedule an appointment today by calling 844-474-4321.

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