More than 37 million Americans live with diabetes, and even more are unaware that they are at high risk for developing prediabetes or progressing to Type 2 diabetes.
All forms of diabetes affect the body's ability to make or properly use insulin. Though Type 1 diabetes cannot be prevented through diet or lifestyle changes, these factors can be helpful in managing the condition. If left untreated, prediabetes can develop into Type 2 diabetes. These conditions can be managed or prevented by making smart nutrition and lifestyle choices.
It's important for people with diabetes to manage blood sugar levels with a balanced eating plan. Fill half your plate with fruits and vegetables, and choose healthful carbohydrates. Ensure half of all grains eaten each day are whole-grain foods. You can enjoy all the flavors of the world while still following a healthy meal plan such as those found in the book "Diabetes Guide to Enjoying Foods of the World" by Constance Brown-Riggs and Jessica Jones.
Physical activity also plays a vital role in diabetes management and prevention. Aim for at least 150 minutes of moderate-intensity physical activity per week, whether it's a brisk walk, bicycling, or even cleaning the house. Always take precautions to minimize the risk of hypoglycemia, and remember to consult with your medical team to ensure safety.