Iowa Specialty Hospital

Common Men’s Health Issues & How to Prevent Them

June 13, 2017

Group of men socializing in backyardJune is Men’s Health Month and the week of June 12 – 18 is Men’s Health Week.

Women are more likely to visit the doctor than men and women live five years longer than men. We want the fellas to catch up and change this behavior by educating men about the importance of preventative healthcare.

Heart Disease: More than one in three men have some form of cardiovascular disease, according to the American Heart Association. Stroke affects more than 3 million men and high blood pressure in common in men under 45 years old

Prevention: Routine check-ups are the best prevention. Based on your family medical history, your blood pressure and cholesterol levels and smoking habits, your physician can determine your risk and put together a preventative plan.

COPD/Respiratory Diseases: More and more men are being diagnosed with lung cancer. Smoking and exposure to occupational hazards are causes for respiratory diseases including lung cancer, COPD and emphysema.

Prevention: If you’re a smoker, quitting is best. If you’ve smoked for a long time, a low-dose CT scan may be a good idea. If you have a persistent cough, schedule an appointment with your physician.

Diabetes: Men are at a slightly higher risk to develop type 2 diabetes than women. Causes of type 2 diabetes include family history, poor nutrition, inactivity, being overweight or obese, and age.

Prevention: A healthy lifestyle is very important. Aim for daily exercise and nutritious food in addition to routine check-ups and watching blood pressure and cholesterol levels.

Alcohol Consumption: Men binge drink twice as much as women and have more alcohol-related deaths and accidents. Drinking alcohol can increase risk of developing cancers of the mouth, throat, esophagus, colon and liver.

Prevention: Limit your alcohol intake. Alcohol should be consumed at a low to moderate level and not every day. For men, more than 4 drinks per day or 14 drinks per week is considered heavy drinking.

Depression and Suicide: Although more women are diagnosed with depression, more men commit suicide and a large population of men suffer from depression. Alcohol consumption has a strong correlation to male suicide as well.

Prevention: Daily exercise and good nutrition along with good communication and support group are ways to help prevent or manage depression. If symptoms don’t improve, seek professional help.

Skin Cancer: Men are more than twice at risk for developing melanoma than women. In 2013, 60% of all melanoma deaths were Caucasian men over the age of 50.

Prevention: Use sunscreen and reapply as necessary. Wear hats and long sleeves and try to avoid UV light sources, including tanning beds or sunlamps. Tell your physician of any suspicious moles or spots or if you are at an increased risk of developing skin cancer from family history/lots of sun exposure.

Influenza and Pneumonia: Men are 25% more likely to die from these diseases than women. In addition, men who have other compromised immune systems from other medical conditions including diabetes, COPD, congestive heart failure, and others are more susceptible to the flu and pneumonia.

Prevention: Get the flu vaccination each year as soon as you can, which is usually around October. The flu vaccine changes each year based on the 3-4 strains that are most likely to be spread and cause illness. For pneumonia, it is recommend individuals receive the one-time shot for those who are 65 or older. While boosters for the pneumonia vaccine aren’t necessary, some physicians may decide to give a booster every 5-10 years.

Keep yourself and the men in your life healthy! Follow the below men’s health chart to stay on top of important routine health needs and screenings.

Procedure

Age: 20 – 39

Age: 40-49

Age: 50+

Physical Exam

Every 3 Years

Every 2 Years

Every Year

Blood Pressure

Every Year

Every Year

Every Year

TB Skin Test

Every 5 Years

Every 5 Years

Every 5 Years

Blood Test & Urinalysis

 

Every 2 Years

Every Year

EKG Screening

 

Every 2 Years

Every Year

Tetanus Booster

Every 10 years

Every 10 years

Every 10 years

Rectal Exam

Every Year

Every Year

Every Year

Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA) Blood Test

   

Every Year

Hemoccult (polyps/colon cancer)

 

Every Year

Every Year

Colonoscopy

   

Every 3-4 Years

Self-Exams (Testicles)

Monthly

Monthly

Monthly

 

For more information about men’s health or to schedule any appointments or screenings, contact us today at 844-474-4321.

 

Sources:

http://www.healthline.com/health-slideshow/top-10-health-risks-for-men#9

http://menshealthmonth.org/

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